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Sayings of Prophet Muhammad
may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him

Du?ā (Supplication to Allāh)

Du?ā is Worship
Narrated Hadrat Nu?mān bin Bashīr (may Allāh be pleased with him): Prophet Muhammad (may Allāh's blessings and peace be upon him) said, "Supplication is worship?. He then recited the verse, "Supplicate to me and I shall accept it." (Ahmad, Tirmidhī, Abū Dāwūd, an-Nasāī, Ibn Mājah)

Narrated Hadrat Anas (may Allāh be pleased with him): Prophet Muhammad (may Allāh's blessings and peace be upon him) said, "Supplication is the kernel of worship." (Tirmidhī)

Narrated Hadrat Abū Hurayra (may Allāh be pleased with him): Prophet Muhammad (may Allāh's blessings and peace be upon him) said, "There is nothing more magnificent than supplication." (Tirmidhī, Ibn Mājah)

Asking others to make Du?ā
Narrated Hadrat Ibn ?Abbās (may Allāh be pleased with him): Prophet Muhammad (may Allāh's blessings and peace be upon him) said, "Supplications of five persons are for ever accepted ?

(1) of the oppressed so long he has not taken revenge;
(2) of the pilgrim till he returns home after the Hajj;
(3) of the warrior fighting in Jihād till it is concluded;
(4) of the sick patient till his recovery; and
(5) of a Muslim for a fellow Muslim in his absence." (Bayhaqī)

Sayyidinā 'Umar ibn al-Khattāb (may Allāh be pleased with him) reported Allāh's Messenger (may Allāh's blessings and peace be upon him) as saying, "When you visit an invalid tell him to make supplication for you, for his supplication is like that of the angels." (Ibn Mājah)

Narrated Hadrat Anas (may Allāh be pleased with him): Whenever drought threatened them, Sayyidinā 'Umar ibn Al-Khattāb (may Allāh be pleased with him) used to ask Hadrat Al-'Abbās ibn 'Abdul Muttalib (may Allāh be pleased with him) to invoke Allāh for rain. He used to say, "O Allāh! We used to ask our Prophet to invoke You for rain, and You would bless us with rain, and now we ask his uncle to invoke You for rain. O Allāh! Bless us with rain." And so it would rain. (Bukhārī)

Du?ā for good in this world and in the Hereafter
Narrated Hadrat Anas (may Allāh be pleased with him): Prophet Muhammad (may Allāh's blessings and peace be upon him) used to say, "O Allāh! Our Lord! Give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good and save us from the torment of the Fire (of Hell)." (2:201) (Bukhārī)

The du?ā is: Rabbanā ātinā fi?ddunyā hasanatan wa fi?l Ākhirati hasanatan wa qinā?adhāb an-nār

Du?ā after Adhān
Narrated Hadrat Jābir bin 'Abdullāh (may Allāh be pleased with him): Allāh's Messenger (may Allāh's blessings and peace be upon him) said, "Whoever, after listening to the Adhān (for the prayer) says, ?O Allāh, Lord of this complete call and of this prayer, which is going to be established! Give Prophet Muhammad the Intercession and the Pre-Eminence and raise him to the Station of Praise and Glory which You have promised him,' will be granted my intercession on the Day of Resurrection." (Bukhārī)

The du?ā is:
Allāhumma Rabba hādhihi?d-da'watittāmmah wassalāti?l qāimah Āti Sayyidinā Muhammad-an il-Wasīlata wa?l Fadīlata wab?ath-hu Maqām-an Mahmūd alladhī wa-'adtahu.

Du?ā in Salāh
Narrated Sayyidinā Abū Bakr As-Siddīq (may Allāh be pleased with him): I asked Allāh's Messenger (may Allāh's blessings and peace be upon him) to teach me a good invocation in the prayer. He told me to say, "Allāhumma innī zalamtu nafsī zulman kathīran walā yaghfiru?dh-dhunūba illā Anta faghfirlī maghfiratan min 'indika, wa?r-hamnī innaka Anta?l Ghafūr u?r Rahīm (O Allāh! I have done great injustice to myself and none except You forgives sins, so please forgive me and be Merciful to me as You are the Forgiver, the Most Merciful)." (Bukhārī)

Du?ā after Salāh
Hadrat Mu'ādh bin Jabal (may Allāh be pleased with him) relates that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (may Allāh's blessings and peace be upon him) caught his hand and said: Mu'ādh, by Allāh, I love you and advise you that you should not forget supplicating to Allāh after every fard (obligatory) salāh: ?O Allāh! Help me in remembering You, and thanking You and worshipping You in the best possible way?. (Abū Dāwūd and an-Nasāī)

The supplication is: Allāhumma a'innī ?alā Dhikrika wa Shukrika wa husni 'lbādatik.

Seeking Refuge in Allāh (The Glorified and The Exalted)
Narrated Hadrat Abū Hurayra (may Allāh be pleased with him): Allāh's Messenger (may Allāh's blessings and peace be upon him) used to invoke Allāh as follows:

"Allāhumma innī a'ūdhu bika min 'adhābi?l Qabr, wa min 'adhābin-nār, wa min fitnati?l mahyā wa?l mamāt, wa min fitnati?l masīh i?d-dajjāl.

(O Allāh! I seek refuge with You from the punishment in the grave and from the punishment in the Hell-fire and from the afflictions of life and death, and from the afflictions of the anti-Christ)." (Bukhārī)

Du?ā at the time of difficulty
Narrated Hadrat Ibn 'Abbās (may Allāh be pleased with him): Prophet Muhammad (may Allāh's blessings and peace be upon him) used to say at the time of difficulty,

Lā ilāha Illallāh u?l 'Alīm u?l Halīm
Lā ilāha Illallāhu Rabb u?l ?Arsh i?l ?Azīm
Lā ilāha Illallāhu Rabb u?s Samāwāti wa Rabb u?l Ardi
wa Rabb u?l 'Arsh i?l-Karīm. (Bukhārī)

The meaning of this invocation is:

None has the right to be worshipped but Allāh, the All-Knowing, the Most Forbearing.
None has the right to be worshipped but Allāh, the Lord of the Tremendous Throne.
None has the right to be worshipped but Allāh, the Lord of the Heavens and the Lord of the Earth and the Lord of the Honourable Throne.

Du?ā on Sneezing
Hadrat Abū Hurayra (may Allāh be pleased with him) relates that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (may Allāh's blessings and peace be upon him) said: When any one of you sneezes he should say: ?Al-Hamdu Lillāh? (All Praise be to Allāh) and his brother or friend (who listens) should respond by saying, "Yarhamukallāh" (may Allāh have mercy on you); and then the person sneezing should reciprocate by saying, 'Yahdīkumullāhu wa yuslih bālakum (may Allāh guide you and improve your condition). (Bukhārī)

Du?ā while Eating and Drinking
Hadrat Anas bin Mālik (may Allāh be pleased with him) reported that Allāh's Messenger (may Allāh's blessings and peace be upon him) said: Allāh is pleased with His servant who says: ?Al-Hamdu Lillāh? (all Praise is for Allāh) while taking a morsel of food and while drinking. (Muslim)

Du?ā after a meal
Hadrat Abū Sa'īd al-Khudrī (may Allāh be pleased with him) reports that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (may Allāh's blessings and peace be upon him) after finishing the meal, used to recite the following prayer: "Al-Hamdu Lillāhilladhī at'amanā wa saqānā waja'alanā min al-Muslimīn" ("All praise is for Allāh Who fed us, provided us to drink, and made us Muslims?). (Muslim).

Du?ā at the dispersal of a gathering
Hadrat Abū Barzah (may Allāh be pleased with him) relates that towards the closing days of his life, the Holy Prophet Muhammad (may Allāh's blessings and peace be upon him) when he was about to leave a gathering, used to supplicate as follows:

SubhānakAllāhumma wa bi Hamdika
Ash-hadu an lā llāha illā Anta
Astaghfiruka wa atūbu Ilayka".

(O Allāh! You are the Most Holy and all Praise is for You.
I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except You.
I ask for Your forgiveness and turn in repentance to You.)

A Companion asked him, 'O Messenger of Allāh, you are now saying such words which you did not say before.' He said: ?these words are an expiation of that which goes on in a gathering.? (Abū Dāwūd)

Du?ā on going to bed
Narrated Sayyidatinā 'Āisha (may Allāh be pleased with her): Whenever Prophet Muhammad (may Allāh's blessings and peace be upon him) went to bed every night, he used to cup his hands together and blow over them after reciting Sūrah Al-Ikhlās, Sūrah Al-Falaq and Sūrah An-Nās, and then rub his hands over whatever parts of his body he was able to rub, starting with his head, face and front of his body. He used to do that three times. (Bukhārī)

Du?ā for sleeping and waking up

Narrated Hadrat Juhayfa (may Allāh be pleased with him): When Prophet Muhammad (may Allāh's blessings and peace be upon him) went to bed, he used to say, "Allāhumma bismika ahyā wa amūtu." ("O Allāh, in Your Name I live and die!"). And when he got up in the mornings he used to say, "Alhamdu Lillāhilladhī ahyānā ba'da mā amātanā wa ilayhi?n-nushūr." ("All praise be to Allāh Who has given us life after He caused us to die; and unto Him is the Resurrection?). (Bukhārī)

Du?ā before mating
Narrated Hadrat Ibn ?Abbās (may Allāh be pleased with him): Prophet Muhammad (may Allāh's blessings and peace be upon him) said, ?If anyone of you, before having sexual intercourse with his wife says:

?Bismillāh Allāhumma jannibnash-shaytān wa jannibi?sh-shaytāna mā razaqtanā?, and if it is destined that they should have a child, then satan will never be able to harm him.? (Bukhārī)

The meaning of this supplication is: "In the Name of Allāh! O Allāh! Protect me from satan and protect what You bestow upon us (i.e. the offspring) from satan."

Du?ā before entering the washroom
Hadrat Anas (may Allāh be pleased with him) reported that when Allāh's Messenger (may Allāh's blessings and peace be upon him) entered the privy, he used to say, "O Allāh, I seek refuge in You from male and female devils." (Bukhārī and Muslim)

The supplication is: Allāhumma innī a?ūdhu bika min al khubuthi wa?l khabāitha.

Du?ā on coming out of the washroom
Hadrat Anas (may Allāh be pleased with him) reported that when Prophet Muhammad (may Allāh's blessings and peace be upon him) came out of the privy, he said, "Praise be to Allāh Who has removed harm from me and kept me in good health." (Ibn Mājah)

The supplication is: Al-hamdu lillāhilladhī adh-haba ?annil adhā wa 'āfānī.

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