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Iqra Islamic Publications
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Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā

Q is for the Holy Qur’ān

The eternal, uncreated Word of Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā, revealed to Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam through Angel Jibrīl ‘Alayhissalām over a period of 23 years; the Book of Allāh. The Final Revelation which is a complete Guidance for the whole of humanity till the end of time and is a living miracle of Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu alayhi wa Sallam.
Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā has referred to the Qur’ān in the Qur’ān with more than fifty attributive names, the most well-known of which are al-Kitāb (The Book), Mubīn (Luminous), Karīm (Honourable, Noble), KalāmAllāh (The Word of Allāh), Nūr (Sacred Light), Hudā (Right Guidance), Rahma (Mercy), Al-Furqān (The Criterion of Judgment), and Shifā’ (A Healing, A Cure).
The Qur’ān is the most important source of Muslim law.
Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu alayhi wa Sallam conveyed the verses of the Holy Qur’ān to his Sahāba (Companions) Rady Allāhu ‘Anhum who memorized them and recited them continuously, both individually as well as in congregation. In this way, the Holy Qur’ān has been handed down from one generation to the next up to the present time. Beginning with the generation of the Companions, each generation up to the present time has produced Hāfiz u’l Qur’ān, those who know the whole Qur’ān by heart. Today, we have millions of Hāfiz al- Qur’ān. In this way, the Holy Qur’ān has been preserved up to this day unchanged, just as it was in the time of Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu alayhi wa Sallam. Muslims are not surprised at this since Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā has Himself promised in the Holy Qur’ān that since He is the One Who has revealed it, He is the One Who will preserve and protect it! Al-Hamdu Lillāhi Rabbi’l ‘ālamīn (All Praise is for Allāh, Lord of the worlds).
Non-believers who heard the recitation of the Qur’ān in the time of Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam marveled at the eternal truths it contains, and at its linguistic beauty and exalted provenance. They inevitably concluded that this could not be the work of any man but that it could only be the Word of God, and many of them accepted Islām.
As the Holy Qur’ān is the Word of Allāh, The Lord of lords and The King of kings, it is inimitable, that is, it cannot be reproduced. Allāh has thrown a challenge to the non-believers to produce even a small sūrah similar to it. Obviously, no one has been able to meet this challenge, nor ever will.
Sayyidinā ‘Uthmān Dhu’n Nūrayn Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu used to begin the recitation of the Holy Qur’ān on Friday and end it on Thursday, thus completing the recitation of the Qur’ān in one week. The way this is done is to begin with the recitation of Sūrah al-Fātiha and the next three Sūrahs on Friday, recite the next five Sūrahs on Saturday, the next seven Sūrahs on Sunday, the next nine Sūrahs on Monday, the next eleven Sūrahs on Tuesday, the next thirteen Sūrahs on Wednesday, and the remaining Sūrahs beginning with Sūrah Qāf on Thursday. Al-Hamdu Lillāh (All Praise is for Allāh).
Some mashāyikh (spiritual masters) complete the recitation of the Holy Qur’ān in one night in salāt an-nawāfil (optional Prayers). Some Muslims recite ten juz everyday. We should try to recite at least one juz of the Qur’ān everyday to complete its recitation in one month.

The recitation of each letter of the Holy Qur’ān merits one thawāb (reward from Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā).
Imām al-Ghazālī Rahmatullāhi ‘alayh as well as many other Muslim luminaries have explained in detail about the ādāb (proprieties) of the recitation of the Holy Qur’ān, the most important of which are:
(a) to be in a state of wudū’ (ablution)
(b) to put on the prayer cap or 'imama (for men) and hijāb (for women)
(c) to face the qibla
(d) to begin with A‘ūdhu Billāhi min ash-shaytān i’r rajīm (I seek refuge in Allāh from satan, the rejected one), and, Bismillāh i’r Rahmān i’r Rahīm (In the Name of Allāh, The Beneficent, The Merciful)
(e) to recite it with respect and humility as it is the Word of Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā
(f) to ponder on its meaning and to act on its guidance
(g) to recite some of it everyday
(h) to recite it with correct pronunciation and intonation
(i) to recite it melodiously in measured tones if in a congregation, so as to increase the joy of all the listeners
(j) to recite “SadaqAllāhu’l ‘Azīm” (Allāh The Exalted has said The Truth) once the recitation is completed, to respectfully keep the Qur’ān on a neat and clean elevated place with other copies of the Qur’ān, not to mix it up with non-religious material, and not to put any other book or material on the Qur’ān

The Qur’ān has been translated from Arabic into all the major languages of the world. The mufassirīn (commentators) of the Qur’ān have explained the contents of the Qur’ān verse by verse, word by word and letter by letter.
The Beloved Holy Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam showed through example how to put each of the teachings of the Holy Qur’ān into practice so that he became the living Qur’ān, according to the mother of faithful believers, Sayyidatinā ‘Āisha Rady Allāhu ‘Anhā

qāba qawsayn
“Two-Bows’ Length or nearer” (qāba qawsayni aw adnā); the name of the Station of Prophet Muhammad, Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam, on the night of his ascension to the heavens. This is the Station of ‘urūj (ascension) and qurb Ilallāh (nearness to Allāh) that Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā granted to Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam, and to no one else

to kiss. To kiss babies merits heavenly reward as it is out of love. To kiss the hands of parents, elders and mashāyikh (spiritual masters) merits heavenly reward as it is out of respect. To kiss one’s spouse merits heavenly reward as it is out of love. Pre-marital and extra-marital love and sex is harām (prohibited) and is punishable on the Day of Judgment. May Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā protect all Muslims from it, Āmīn

constriction, contraction; spiritual state following from fear of disobeying Allāh’s Commandments

shameful deed, morally disgusting (pl: qabā’ih)

tribe, community (pl: qabāil)


tomb, grave (pl: qubūr)
maqābir: cemetery

acceptance. For example: Allāh’s acceptance of a supplication. Another example is the acceptance of someone as one’s spouse in a marriage ceremony. The consent of both the bride and the groom has to be obtained (syn: qubūl)

making up for a missed obligatory religious duty (e.g. salāh) by performing it at a later time (and supplicate to Allāh begging forgiveness for having missed to perform it at the appropriate time). It also means Divine Pre-ordainment.

qadā’ wa’l qadar
destiny and Divine Decree. The synonym is taqdīr. Belief in Divine predestination is one of the pillars of Muslim faith.
Qadā’ mu‘allaq is the Decree of Allāh that Allāh may decide to change, out of His Mercy, if one supplicates to Him or if one gives in charity. Example: Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā might avert a calamity.
Qadā’ mubram is the irrevocable Decree of Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā.
Qadar is destiny. Whatever Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā wills, happens; whatever He does not will, does not happen.
The question of qadā’ and qadar has exercised the minds of people for centuries and either led to clarity or to confusion. Clarity has been provided by luminaries such as Mawlānā Jalāluddīn Rūmī Rahmatullāhi ‘alayh who explained this issue by saying that the crown is destined to belong to the head while the shoe belongs to the foot, the peacock sits in the courtyard of the king while the crow is in the wilderness.
On this issue of qadā’ and qadar, two ancient confused sects that sprang up, now extinct, were the qadariyya and the jabriyya. The qadariyya believed that all things are not by the Decree of Allāh but that man is the creator of his actions and has the power (qudra) to do them, hence their name. They are not to be confused with the Qādiriyya, followers of a spiritual path leading to Allāh shown by Shaykh ‘Abdul Qādir al-Jīlānī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu.
The jabriyya on the other hand held views diametrically opposed to the qadariyya. They had a fatalistic outlook and believed that man has no free will whatsoever in his actions, that man is under compulsion (jabr) and has no choice even in his intentional actions.
The golden mean between these two extremes is pursued by the Ahl al-Sunnah wa’l Jamā‘ah, to which belong almost 90 per cent of all the Muslims who believe that Allāh is The Creator of all actions but that man acquires them. Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā sent His Messengers to guide humanity to acquire good actions and to avoid the bad. He loves the good and dislikes the bad. If we do good, we are rewarded for it and if we do bad, we are punished.
If someone is cheeky and objects that he is not to be held responsible for his actions because Allāh makes him do them, it has been suggested he should be slapped on his cheek. If he then complains, he should be told that he said just now that people are not to be held responsible for their actions.
Wallāhu a‘lam (Allāh knows best)

foot. Paradise lies under the feet of the mother, according to the teaching of the noble Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu alayhi wa Sallam. So each Muslim should earn Paradise by serving the mother (pl: aqdām)

Qaddas Allāhu Sirrahu
may Allāh sanctify his secret, may Allāh sanctify his innermost being, recited after the name of a spiritual master

judge. He judges according to sharī‘ah (sacred Muslim law). He should be scrupulously honest, just, sincere, truthful and pious to command respect and admiration of the whole community, both Muslim and non-Muslim (pl: qudāh)

dī al-qudāt
Chief Justice

al-Qadīm al-Azalī al-Abadī
The Everlasting from All Eternity to All-Eternity (an attribute of Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā)

caravan. Qāfilat u’l Makka: a caravan of Makka
Qāfilat u’l Madīna: a caravan of Madīna


coffee. Coffee is sometimes served with sweetmeats at gatherings of dhikr and Mīlād u’n Nabī Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam


foundation. Sincere intention and piety have to be the foundation of every endeavour (pl: qawā‘id)

qāl wa qīl (qīl wa qāl)
tittle-tattle, idle talk, gossip

garlands, necklaces.
In the time of Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam, the sacrificial animals used to be garlanded. Some Muslim communities have the pleasant custom of garlanding the bride and the groom, the ‘ulamā (Muslim scholars) on greeting them, and Muslims going for Hajj (the Pilgrimage) (s: qilāda)

Reading, writing and learning something useful is very important in Islām. The word qalam (pen) is mentioned in the first five verses of the Holy Qur’ān that were revealed to Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam, as are the words Rabb (Lord), insān (man), iqra’ (read), and ‘allama (teaches) (pl: aqlām)

the Pen (which writes the Divine Decree), the name of Sūrah 68 of the Holy Qur’ān

wandering darwīsh, also referred to as qalandār

heart. The heart is the most important organ in the human body. Muslims try to develop a heart that is safe and sound (qalb salīm), through dhikr (remembrance) of Allāh at all times; by forming good intentions; being kind-hearted, soft-hearted and forgiving; feeling sorrow for others; and having good thoughts about others and about their well-being. At the same time, Muslims try to protect themselves from the diseases of the heart such as unwarranted doubt, arrogance, show-off, jealousy, hatred and unjustified suspicion. In this way, Muslims develop an enlightened heart, a spiritually lit-up heart (qalb Munawwar) by the Grace of Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā.
If your eyes happen to fall on a beautiful pious girl, she might send an arrow right through your heart. You have to reciprocate by sending her a proposal for marriage. Very soon, you will be congratulated all over for having captured her heart.
Now you are ready to surrender your heart to your shaykh who is going to pitch fourteen tents in it, says Hadrat Sultān Bāhū Rahmatullāhi ‘alayh.
Sūrah Yāsīn is the heart of the Qur’ān. If we take it to heart, recite it everyday after Fajr salāh (Dawn Prayer) and memorize it, the heart of the Qur’ān abides in our heart. Our heart is then transformed and becomes the Madīna of Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam.
The eyes of the Beloved Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam slept but his heart was always awake.
The heart of a pious Muslim is the Throne of Allāh, The Beneficent, The Merciful.
O Allāh! Keep our hearts steadfast on the religion of Islām, Āmīn (pl: qulūb)

little, few, small.
The Companions of Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam were few but they fought armies many times their size and defeated them with the help of Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā.
If Allāh wills, only a few sincere Muslims can successfully spread Islām all over the world

to stand. Muslims have to stand up for justice

the moon, the name of Sūrah 54 of the Holy Qur’ān.
Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam is the Sun of Prophethood and the moon borrows its light from him

Qamar u’d dīn
the moon of religion, a name or title of a Muslim



contentment, to be satisfied with little. The promotion of new wants under capitalism is the opposite of qanā‘a promoted by Prophet Muhammad and Prophet ‘Īsā ‘Alayhimussalām

candle, lamp, lantern (also called qindīl)

devout, pious, obedient to Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā (pl:qanītūn, qānitīn, f: qānitah, f. pl: qānitāt)

law, civil law

to recite,
to read

being settled, the opposite of vacillation


qard hasana
a goodly loan, without any conditions attached, without any interest, to be repaid as and when the debtor is able to repay it

one who recites the Qur’ān (pl: qurrā’)

near. Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā says in the Holy Qur’ān that He is nearer to us than our jugular vein. He also says that help from Him and victory of the Muslims is near at hand

generation, a century, a hundred years (pl: qurūn)

He lived in the time of Prophet Mūsā ‘Alayhissalām. He had incredible wealth and became arrogant on account of it. Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā caused the earth to swallow him up as an admonition to others

oath. An oath can be sworn only in the Name of Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā. In a court of law, Muslims take the oath in the Name of Allāh while holding the Qur’ān in the right hand

an ode, a religious poem (pl: qasāid)

One who distributes. This is one of the attributive titles of Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam. Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā has given him seas of knowledge, both manifest and hidden, and he distributes this knowledge among people with the Will of Allāh, in accordance with how much Allāh has destined each person should receive

one who restrains glancing (at the opposite sex)

palace (in Paradise),
to shorten (Prayers while travelling),
to cut or trim the hair (as one of the rituals of Hajj)

qasr al-amal
to cut short one’s hopes, not to entertain very high hopes. It is foolishness to entertain very high hopes of entering Paradise while continuously committing sins

the name of the she-camel of Prophet Muhammad, Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam

a lion

to kill.
The enemies of Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam wanted to kill him but they were unsuccessful.
The opponents of Nabī Ibrāhīm ‘Alayhissalām had him thrown into the fire but Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā saved him by making the fire cool and safe for him. This was one of the many miracles of Nabī Ibrāhīm ‘Alayhissalām.
Fir‘awn wanted to kill Nabī Mūsā ‘Alayhissalām but he did not succeed.
The enemies of Nabī ‘Īsā ‘Alayhissalām wanted to crucify him but Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā raised him up to the heavens.
The Jews killed some of the Prophets ‘Alayhimussalām that Allāh sent to guide them, for which they have been condemned in the Holy Qur’ān.
Non-believers wanted to kill the Companions of Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam just because they believed in One God and said that Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā is their Lord.
The Qur’ān teaches us not to kill the unborn, that is, it prohibits abortion.
Some of the Arabs in the time of Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam didn’t like to have daughters so they used to kill them by burying them alive. Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam put a stop to that. He said that anyone who has three daughters, raises them up properly, and gets them decently married will be together with him in Heaven.
The Qur’ān and the Hadīth urge the Muslims to fight courageously against oppressive non-believers, to kill them and to be prepared to die, so that oppression is no more, and Islāmic justice is established, and if they do that, they will be rewarded with Heaven

manslaughter, murder (one of the kabāir, major sins). Someone who commits pre-meditated murder is to be put to death according to sharī‘a (sacred Muslim law), and we have been taught that his final abode is hell

saying, word (pl: aqwāl)

qawl al-haqq
a word of truth

qawl-un ma‘rūf
a kind and good word

qawl az-zūr
the word that is false, lying speech, false witness

people, folk

the “people”, the Sūfīs

Caesar, kaiser, emperor

the direction towards the Ka‘ba in Makka, to which all Muslims turn their faces in Prayer

The Eternity of Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā

gambling, which is harām (prohibited) in Islām

recitation, refers to the recitation of the Qur’ān

Hajj performed along with ‘Umra in the same state of Ihrām. Hady (sacrificial animal) is to be brought by the Pilgrim along with him or her and offered when performing this type of Hajj. Our Beloved Holy Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu alayhi wa Sallam performed Hajj al-Qirān

ape (pl: qirada).
Some of the news reporters and analysts in the western capitalist media proudly proclaim that they are descended from monkeys. Nobody doubts that, responds the rest of humanity, seeing how you used to jump up and down like monkeys, unjustifiably beating drums of war against Muslims at the instigation of the Israeli lobby.
Evolutionists say that human beings are descended from monkeys. This theory has been rejected as bogus by people world-wide who say that they no longer have time for such fairy tales. In comparison, how noble, pleasing and dignifying is the teaching of Islām about the unity of humanity that we are all descended from Sayyidinā Nabī Ādam ‘Alayhissalām and Sayyidatinā Hawwā ‘Alayhassalām

paper (pl: qarātīs, syn: qartas)

legal retaliation for intentional injury inflicted against life or limb, the law of equality in punishment for bodily injury or death, just retribution which can also take the form of financial compensation. Legal retaliation is intended to deter crime. Not to retaliate is considered an act of charity

the husk or the shell. The shell which represents the Sharī‘ah (sacred Muslim law) is needed to protect the kernel which is the tarīqa (spiritual path), and the tarīqa needs to be protected to protect the core or the essence which is the haqīqa (reality)

narrative, story (pl: qisas)

qisas al-anbiyā’
narratives or stories about the Prophets ‘Alayhimussalām. These have been given in the Qur’ān and the Hadīth for mankind to draw lessons from them

justice, fairness.
Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā is al-Muqsit, The Just, The Equitable.
Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam is Rūh al-qist, the Spirit of Justice.
The Qur’ān teaches us that Allāh maintains His creation with justice (3:18), and that he loves people who are just and fair (5:42). It exhorts us to stand up firmly for justice, giving witness for Allāh, even if it involves a personal loss or a loss for parents or relatives (4:135), (5:8).
We have to be just and fair in international relations. The militarily more powerful countries have to stop bullying the weak. They have to abandon exploitative international relationships and stop twisting the arms of their weaker trading partners.
Veto power in the United Nations is unjust and unfair. It must be abolished. Those who are screaming their hearts out for democracy should speak out against this veto power, otherwise, they open themselves up for ridicule as hypocrites.
It is unfair that rich capitalist countries buy out the votes of the poorer countries in the United Nations to further their own unjust agendas of global exploitation. They should fear the punishment of Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā on the Day of Judgment.
The rulers of countries should treat all their subjects in a just and fair manner, without any discrimination on the basis of race, tribe, wealth or creed. All the regions of the country have to receive equal consideration in a just and fair manner.
The leaders of communities and chiefs of tribes have to be just and fair, not favouring the rich over the poor.
The judge has to mete out justice in a fair manner without fear or favour, not yielding to any pressure, even in very difficult situations.
The teacher should not be vindictive against a student who has hurt his feelings, but should control his anger and mark his papers in a fair manner.
One of the attributive titles of Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam is abu’l aytām (the father of orphans). We have to take care of orphans with love and justice.
Sons do not have to be given preference over daughters, though daughters may be given preference over sons. What? Relax!
One son should not be favoured over another, nor one daughter over another, as it might traumatize those who feel left out.
It is unfair to be unfaithful to one’s spouse.
In a polygamous marriage, the wives have to be provided for equally, with equal time spent with each of them.
In-laws have to treat their daughters-in-law the same way as they treat their own daughters. Is that possible? Yes, for those whose aim is spiritual progress.
It is unfair to mock at other people or to belittle them.
In each of our dealings, we have to try to earn the Pleasure of Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā, by acting with justice and fairness, following the example set by our Beloved Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam, and the example set by our pious predecessors

battle, battle against the non-believing oppressors who fight you. If Muslims begin to fight among themselves, the Qur’ān urges other Muslims to intervene to establish peace between them

standing upright (in Prayer)

qiyām al-layl
night vigil, standing up for Prayer at night

the General Resurrection, the raising from the dead on the Day of Judgment to give an account of good and bad deeds in this world, the name of Sūrah 75 of the Qur’ān

deduction by analogy which consists in discovering the implied guidance of the Holy Qur’ān and the Prophetic tradition. It is to be practiced if the religious verdict cannot be established on the basis of the Qur’ān, Hadīth and ijmā‘ (consensus) of Muslim jurists; analogical reasoning which does not contradict the Qur’ān and the Sunnah. After the Qur’ān, Hadīth and ijmā‘, qiyās is the fourth source of Islāmic law

Qubbat al-Khadrā’
the green dome over the Rawda (meadow of Paradise) of our Beloved Holy Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu alayhi wa Sallam in Masjid an-Nabawī in Madīna

The limitless Power of Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā



exemplary guide. Refers to a walī (Friend of Allāh, sūfī master)

lock (pl: aqfāl).
There are some whose hearts Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā has locked up. However much we try to invite them to Islām, they will not accept Islām. But we do not know about that, so we should keep on trying. There are others whose hearts Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā opens to Islām so that their hearts and faces shine with nūr (spiritual light)

“say”, Allāh’s Revelation to the Beloved Prophet Muhammad, Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam, to convey His Commandments to the people

the supplication of obedience to Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā that is recited in the Fajr or Witr salāh (Prayer)

the greatest and most respectable tribe in Arabia to which Prophet Muhammad, Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam belonged


qurb Ilallāh
nearness to Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā. This nearness is not in terms of physical distance, but in worshipping and obeying Him as is His right that He should be worshipped and obeyed. Al-‘Ārif Billāh al-Habīb ‘Alī bin Muhammad al-Habshī Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu has said in his religious poetry that to attain qurb Ilallāh, we have to seek the company of the ‘Ārifīn (spiritual masters who know about spiritual matters through direct illumination)

kinship. The duties towards those near of kin have to be fulfilled and yield great reward from Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā

offering, sacrifice of an animal (on Īd u’l Adhā)


qurratu ‘ayn
delight of the eye, coolness of the eye, comfort of the eye. The Beloved Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu alayhi wa Sallam said that the comfort of his eyes is in five times daily Prayer. May Muslim children grow up to be the joy of our eyes, Āmīn


spiritual axis, pole, centre of gravity, that around which everything revolves, the highest rank of a saint whose every breath is taken for the sake of Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā with the love of Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu alayhi wa Sallam

qutb al-aqtāb
the spiritual axis of all spiritual axes, a title of Shaykh ‘Abdul Qādir al-Jīlānī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu. Another of his titles is qutb al-anām which means the spiritual axis of the human race, the highest rank of a saint

qutb al-anfās
the spiritual axis of pure breaths who breathed only for the sake of Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā, a title of al-Habīb al-Imām ‘Umar bin ‘Abd al-Rahmān al-‘Attās, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu

qutb al-irshād
the spiritual axis of religious guidance, a title of al-Habīb al-Imām ‘Abdallāh bin ‘Alawī al-Haddād, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu

qutb az-zamān
the spiritual axis of the time, Age or Era, a title of al-Habīb al-Imām Ahmad Mash-hūr bin Tāhā al-Haddād, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu

sitting on one’s heels in Prayer

We are encouraged to go for Hajj as soon as we can afford to go, especially when we are young and have enough strength, as it is an arduous undertaking. May Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā give us enough strength to fulfil all our responsibilities, and not to be dependent on others, Āmīn


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