Bismillah ar-Rahman ar-Rahim
Iqra Islamic Publications
Welcome to Islam
Accept Islam for your salvation
Live according to Islam for your spiritual progress



Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā

T is for Tā‘atillāh

tā‘a means obedience and Tā‘atillāh is obedience to Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā.
Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā says in the Holy Qur’ān:
And obey Allāh and His Prophetic Messenger so that you may be shown mercy (3:132).
From this verse, we learn that there is Tā‘atillāh, obedience to the Commandments of Allāh as given in the Qur’ān; and there is Tā‘ati’r-Rasūl, that is, following and acting upon the teachings of Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam as given in his Hadīth (Sayings) which were after all inspired by Allāh

The Exalted, The Transcendent (refers to Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā)

relationship, connection, linkage, association, (especially with a shaykh) to learn religion and acquire his noble qualities

food. One of the most meritorious good deeds in Islām is to feed people (pl: at‘ima)

fanaticism. Examples are:
1. The fanaticism of the Christian crusaders who slaughtered Muslims who became shahīd (martyrs).
2. The fanaticism of the western mainstream media with which it mocks at the God-given laws in Islām and slanders Muslims on a daily basis

cooperation. Muslims are in cooperation with those who promote goodness and in conflict with those who promote evil

to say: A‘ūdhu Billāhi min ash-shaytān i’r rajīm: I take refuge in Allāh from the accursed satan

biography-layers, levels, generations

tabaqāt as-Sūfiyya
biographies of sūfī masters or men of Allāh arranged according to generations


Blessed is Allāh

to obtain blessings.
The Companions of Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam retained some of his blessed hair, his clothes and whatever meager belongings he had as tabarruk to gain blessings from them.
Your own shaykh (spiritual master) is called shaykh at-tahkīm from whom you obtain the greatest blessings. Any other shaykh in your own tarīqa (spiritual path) or in another tarīqa, is called a shaykh of tabarruk, whose religious gatherings you may also attend (if you so wish) to obtain baraka (blessings)

smile. Muslims are always advised to keep on smiling and spreading good cheer

natural disposition, character, individuality (syn: tab‘)

the Followers, the second generation of the early Muslims who did not live in the time of Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam to be able to see him, but who saw his Companions, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhum (s: Tābi‘ī).
Some of the Tābi‘ūn are:
1. Hadrat Uways al-Qaranī who is a WalīAllāh (Friend of Allāh, sūfī master).
2. Hadrat Hasan al-Basrī, who is a WalīAllāh.
3. Imām Abū Hanīfa who is Imām al-A‘zam, the first and the greatest Imām of madh-hab.
4. Khalīfa ‘Umar bin ‘Abdul ‘Azīz, who is mentioned as a rightly-guided, pious and virtuous Khalīfa

Tābi‘u’t Tābi‘īn
“Followers of the Followers”, the generation of Muslims after the Tābi‘ūn (the Followers) who did not meet any of the Sahāba (Companions). Hadrat Sufyān bin ‘Uyayna is mentioned as a “Follower of the Followers”

physician, doctor

tabīb ar-rūhānī
the spiritual physician, the shaykh

interpretation of a dream

dissemination of the Divine message, propagation of Islām. The synonym is da‘wa which is much more often used than the word tablīgh.
Islām has to be taught to Muslims as well as propagated among non-Muslims. The total teachings of Islām have to be faithfully conveyed, both the Makkī teachings of Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam while he was in Makka, as well as his Madanī teachings while he was in Madīna. It has to be propagated among non-Muslims just as it has been propagated by Muslims, generation after generation, since the time of our Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam

reflection, to understand and reflect upon the message of the Holy Qur’ān

planning, organization, management

a remembrance, a reminder

The Memorial

Tadhkirat al-awliyā’
The Memorial of the saints, remembering sūfī saints and their achievements in piety

pondering, contemplation, meditation, thought

detailed, detail (pl: tafsīlāt)

explanation or commentary on the Qur’ān, exegesis of the Qur’ān

false deities such as idols, money, power-drunk rulers

optional night vigil Prayer (well after mid-night). The Holy Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam never missed it

the bearing of burdens, endurance, sturdiness

making sure, certainty, self-realization

ritual purity, purification

refining, improving character

warning (for example: about missing religious obligations)

Pure; one whom Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā has safeguarded from transgressions, Chaste (pl: tāhirīn, f: Tāhira)

Tāhir al-bātin
the inwardly pure, one whom Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā has safeguarded from temptations, carnal desires and attachment to others

Tāhir az-zāhir
the outwardly pure, those whom Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā has safeguarded from His disobedience

Tāhir as-sirr
the secretly pure, those who are not distracted from Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā even for a moment

Tāhir as-sirr wa’l ‘alāniya
the secretly and openly pure, those who have undertaken to fulfil the obligations of Allāh as well as of His creation

blessed greeting (pl: tahiyyāt)

Tahiyyat al-masjid
a two rak‘a Prayer performed to greet the masjid on entering it

the declaration of Muslim faith which is:
Lā Ilāha Illallāh: None is worthy of worship but Allāh.
Our Beloved Holy Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam said that this is the best dhikr (remembrance of Allāh) and it was the dhikr of all the Prophets ‘Alayhimussalām who came before him. Muslims recite this at least a hundred times everyday and round it off with:
Muhammad u’r-Rasūlullāh
Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam
Muhammad is the Messenger of Allāh
May the peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him (recited once)

the praise of Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā.
Saying: al-Hamdu Lillāh: All Praise is for Allāh

this is a Sunnah (tradition) of Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam, of chewing a piece of date and putting a bit of its juice in a newborn baby’s mouth

realization, confirmation, verification (of spiritual realities);
giving everything its rightful due


one who repents (pl: tāibūn, tāibīn; f: tāiba, f. pl: tāibāt)

the “Group”, meaning the sūfī masters (those who have achieved spiritual excellence)

a religious poem in which all the verses end and rhyme in the letter tā’

Tāj u’d-dīn
The crown of religion, a name or title of a Muslim

Tāj al-‘ārifīn
the crown (king) of those who know by personal experience and direct illumination, a title bestowed on a Shaykh such as Sayyid Ahmad Rifā‘ī, Rahmatullāhi ‘alayh

illumination from the lights of the invisible world, the manifestation of one or more Divine Attributes, an unveiling of Divine Secrets (pl: tajalliyāt)

detachment from worldly desires

the study of the proper recitation of the Holy Qur’ān

arrogance. May Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā save us all from this disease of the heart, Āmīn

saying: Allāhu Akbar: Allāh is Supremely Great

the plural of takbīr is takbīrāt. Takbīrāt are recited individually on the days of ‘Īd, as well as congregationally, loud and clear, before and after ‘Īd Salāh (Prayer) as follows:
Allāhu Akbar Allāhu Akbar Allāhu Akbar
Lā ilāha Illallāhu Wallāhu Akbar
Allāhu Akbar wa Lillāhi’l Hamd
Allāh is Supremely Great, Allāh is Supremely Great, Allāh is Supremely Great.
None is to be worshipped but Allāh, and Allāh is Supremely Great.
Allāh is Supremely Great and to Him is due all Praise.

Takbīrat al-ihrām
the takbīr (recitation of Allāhu Akbar) that begins the regular Prayer (Salāh)

easing, reduction (of burdens, difficulties and hardship)

the augmentation of each couplet of a poem to a quintet

elucidation, extraction, identification. An example is the Takhrīj of the Ihyā’. Imām al-Ghazālī Rahmatullāhi ‘alayh wrote the Ihyā’, but in quoting verses from the Holy Qur’ān and the Hadīth Sharīf, he did not specify the verse numbers, or quote the sources of the Hadīth. Shaykh Hāfiz al-‘Irāqī Rahmatullāhi ‘alayh then wrote a Takhrīj of the Ihyā’ in which he elucidated these sources

Nice, Admirable

the talbīya is recited by Muslim pilgrims on Hajj (Pilgrimage). Its wordings are:
Labbayk Allāhumma labbayk
Labbayk lā sharīka laka labbayk
Inna’l Hamda wa’n Ni‘mata Laka wa’l Mulk
Lā sharīka lak
Here I am at Your service. O Allāh! Here I am.
I am at Your service, You have no partner, I am at Your service.
Truly, all Praise, Blessings and Dominion belong to You.
You have no partner

one who seeks (in religious matters) (pl: tālibūn, tālibīn, f: tāliba, f. pl: tālibāt)

education, instruction

verbal instruction, to inspire, exhort others (to do good deeds);
it specifically refers to the recitation of the Kalima at-Tawhīd (declaration of Muslim belief in Pure Islamic monotheism) in the presence of one who is about to pass away to prompt him or her to recite it as well


whole, complete

performing ‘Umra (the lesser Pilgrimage) before Hajj (the greater Pilgrimage), and taking off the ihrām in-between

the Glorification of Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā with His Most Noble Attributes


dates. It is Sunnah (a Prophetic tradition) to break one’s fast with dates. Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam said that there is baraka (blessing) in dates. He advised us never to refuse a gift of dates

defamation, calumny. In the time of the Beloved Holy Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam, the more the non-believers scoffed at Islām, the more it spread. Even as of now, the more the money worshippers revile Islām, the more it spreads, Al-Hamdu Lillāh!

exhortation, counsel, advice, notification

familiarization (of the novice seeker with the purification of body and soul)

The absolute Transcendence of Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā. He cannot be compared to anyone or anything

trying to achieve nearness to Allāh, Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā by worshipping Him and obeying His Commandments

Allāh’s Ordainment, Pre-ordainment by Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā, destiny, fate

devout, God-fearing (pl: atqiyā’)

to listen to and follow the experts which is the natural course of action for all the people all over the world in all situations at all times; to follow any one of the four Imāms of madh-hab, that is, Imām Abū Hanīfa, Imām Shāfi‘ī, Imām Mālik, and Imām Ahmad ibn Hanbal, who codified the sacred Muslim law based on the Qur’ān and the Sunnah

reverential awe of Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā which leads one to obey His Commandments and to leave out what He has prohibited

progress, especially in gaining useful knowledge and in rising through spiritual states and spiritual stations

20 raka‘āt Sunnah Prayers after the ‘Ishā’ Prayer in the month of Ramadān, prayed in congregation in Makka, Madīna and all over the world

education in the courtesies of living, moral and spiritual training


humble. It specifically means being humble before Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā. Isn’t it interesting that Tarīm is the birth place of Imām ‘Abdallāh bin ‘Alawī al-Haddād Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu and hundreds of other Awliyā’ Allāh (Friends of Allāh) who were the humblest of persons?

name of a
star of piercing brightness

tarīq as-sālikīn
the path of the spiritual wayfarers

the Spiritual Path, the Sūfī Path, or one particular fraternity of Sūfīs, such as the Qādiriyya, Rifā‘iyya, Chishtiyya, ‘Alawiyya, Shādhiliyya, Naqshbandiyya, and Suhrawardiyya. All the spiritual paths lead to Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā (pl: turūq)

translation, interpretation

translator, interpreter, explainer.
Our Beloved Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam prayed for Hadrat ‘Abdallāh ibn ‘Abbās Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu that may Allāh bestow upon him knowledge, and he became so knowledgeable about the Qur’ān that he came to be called the interpreter of the meanings of the Qur’ān! Allāhu Akbar: Allāh is Supremely Great!

the saying: Innā Lillāhi wa innā ilayhi rāji‘ūn: Surely we belong to Allāh, and surely to Him we shall return. This is said when news of a death is received

renunciation (of the world), to neglect or abandon

tark as-salāh
to neglect or abandon the daily obligatory Prayer. This is a grave sin

tark ash-shahwa
abandonment of lust

prescribed sequence, prescribed sequence in the performance of religious duties. Example: following the proper sequence in wudū’ (ablution) without which it is not valid

slow, measured, recitation of the Holy Qur’ān

the 8th day of Dhu’l Hijja, when Muslim Pilgrims start going to Mina to perform the rites of Hajj

sūfī tradition, spiritual culture based on the Qur’ān and the Sunnah; both outwardly and inwardly to cultivate noble character traits and to purify the heart of worldly desires; the realization of ihsān (spiritual excellence)

proclaiming the glory of Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā;
the phrase: Subhān Allāh, meaning: Glorified is Allāh!

affirmation of the truth

tasdīq bi’l qalb
to believe in one’s heart (in Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā and in His Prophetic Messenger Muhammad, Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam)

tasfiyat al-qalb
cleansing of the heart of the diseases of the heart such as jealousy, malice and hatred

bearing witness, the declaration of Muslim faith, the testimony of Muslim faith. The declaration is:
Ash-hadu an lā ilāha Illallāh
Wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhū wa Rasūluh
I bear witness that none is to be worshipped but Allāh
and I bear witness that Muhammad is His Special Devotee and Prophetic Messenger.
The Tashahhud that is recited in the final sitting position of every rak‘a of Salāh (Prayer) is as follows:
At-tahiyyātu Lillāhi wa’s-salawātu wa’t-tayyibātu
As-Salāmu ‘alayka Ayyuhan-Nabiyyu
wa Rahmatullāhi wa Barakātuhu
As-Salāmu ‘alaynā wa ‘alā ‘Ibādillāh i’s-sālihīn
Ash-hadu an lā ilāha Illallāhu
Wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhū wa Rasūluh
All reverence, worship and sanctity are for Allāh.
Peace be on you, O Prophet,
and the mercy of Allāh and His blessings.
Peace be on us and all the righteous servants of Allāh.
I bear witness that none is to be worshipped but Allāh,
and I bear witness that Muhammad is His Special Devotee and Prophetic Messenger

comparing God to man, anthropomorphism (which is contrary to Muslim belief). Muslims believe that Allāh hears and sees but not in the sense that human beings hear and see. Allāh is All-Hearing and All-Seeing without requiring any means to do so. Muslims believe in this “bi lā kayf” (without asking how)

submission, complete obedience.
It also means giving the greeting: As-salāmu ‘alaykum: which means: Peace be upon you

the name of a spring in Paradise for those drawn near to Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā

performing the Sunnah and Nawāfil (optional) acts recommended in the Holy Qur’ān and the Hadīth

negation, the rejection of one or more of the Divine Attributes of Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā. To do that is to commit a heresy

humility (while maintaining one’s dignity)

the circumambulation of the Ka‘ba seven times by the Hajj pilgrims

tawāf al-ifāda
the obligatory seven times circumambulation of the Ka‘ba during Hajj after the stay at ‘Arafa. This tawāf is one of the rukn (essential rites) of the Hajj

tawāf al-qudūm
the circumambulation of the Ka‘ba seven times by the Hajj pilgrims on arrival in Makka

tawāf al-wadā‘
the last tawāf before leaving Makka

attention. It specifically refers to the spiritual attention of a shaykh towards a spiritual disciple. If a WalīAllāh (Friend of Allāh, sūfī master) focuses his attention on someone and makes du‘ā (supplication to Allāh) for him, this will be the beginning of his journey to spiritual realization (pl: tawajjuhāt)

tawakkaltu ‘Alallāh
“my total reliance is on Allāh”, Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā

total trust, reliance and dependence on Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā, even though one engages oneself in earning one’s lawful livelihood. Tawakkul is to trust that Allāh will bring out the best outcome while striving one’s best in all one’s endeavours to please Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā

the appearance of the splendours or flashes of spiritual knowledge to the heart

supplicating to Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā through an intermediary. For example, begging Allāh to fulfil one’s wishes for the sake of the Holy Qur’ān, the Asmā’ Allāh, the Holy Prophet Muhammad, Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam, and so on;
it also means to seek the assistance of a person of virtue in supplicating to Allāh. One might say, for instance, "O Lord, by the status of so-and-so in Your sight and by the blessing of his prayer, I ask You for such-and-such a thing." The synonym is wasīla.
Examples of tawassul are:
1. Al-Wasīlatu’l ‘azīmah by Al-Qutb al-Ghawth Sayyiduna’l Habīb Muhammad bin Zayn bin Sumayt.
2. At-Tawassul by Shaykh Uways bin Muhammad al-Qādirī.
3. Wasīlatu’sh Shāfī by Shaykh Yūsuf bin Ismā‘īl an-Nabhānī,
may Allāh make us benefit from them, Āmīn

something is said to be tawātur if it is handed down or reported word by word from one generation to another by many people in a continuous chain. In that sense, the Holy Qur’ān is tawātur. Many of the Hadīth (Sayings) of Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam are tawātur, those that have been narrated by many of his Companions, which is a proof of their authenticity. In the same way, instances of kashf (spiritual unveiling) and karāmāt (miracles) of the Awliyā’ Allāh (Friends of Allāh, sūfī masters) have been reported by so many pious people in so many places over such a long period of time that they are tawātur, which a proof of their authenticity

tawba repentance to Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā for one’s sins, and returning once more to His absolute service.
When a person is initiated into tarīqa (spiritual path), the first requirement is to make tawba

tawbat an-nasūh
sincere repentance to Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā when the person sincerely decides not to commit the sin again

right guidance obtained through the Enabling Grace of Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā

Belief in the Oneness of Allāh, the Doctrine of Divine Unity, pure Islamic monotheism, the Muslim creed

long, tall.
Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam used to pray for long hours in the night. When he prayed (the optional prayers) alone, he used to lengthen his Salāh (Prayer) by reciting long sūrahs, but when he led the Prayer, he used to recite short sūrahs, out of consideration for the children and the elderly

the name of a poetical meter


the Torah, the Divine Book revealed to Nabī Mūsā (Prophet Moses) ‘Alayhissalām

those who repent to Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā

dry ablution, to put or lightly strike the hands on clean earth and then pass the palm of each on the back of the other, blow off the dust and then pass them on the face. This is performed instead of wudū’ (ablution) when water is not available or when one is too sick to use water


bird (pl: tuyūr, atyār)

facilitation, making things easy

pleasant, good, wholesome (pl: tayyibūn, tayyibīn, f: tayyiba, f. pl: tayyibāt). Tayyiba: another name for Madīna

Tayyib al-anfās
the spiritual master, all of those breaths are good and pleasant, taken only for the sake of Allāh. This is one of the titles of al-Habīb ‘Umar bin ‘Abd al-Rahmān al-‘Attās, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu

respect and honour. It refers to the respect shown to Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu alayhi wa Sallam in salawāt and salām (invocation of peace and blessings) on him in a standing ovation to him in gatherings of Mīlād an-Nabī, the celebration of his birth

discretionary punishment imposed by a qādī (Muslim judge) for crimes that are not subject to hudūd laws such as usury or lending at interest, abuse of trusts, misbehavior by witnesses, bribery, giving short measure, adulterating food, sale of harām (prohibited) food such as pork, gambling, insults, abuse and contempt of court

purification of one’s moral character

tazkiyat an-nafs
purification of the egoistic self, purification of one’s inner self of base qualities

stability, perseverance, constancy, steadfastness

firm, firmly rooted. The heart should be firmly rooted in Muslim faith (f: Thābitah)

price. Our Beloved Holy Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam advised us to charge a fair price, and not to hoard goods in the hope of raising its price

fruits (s: thamara, syn: thimār)

ath-Thanā’ the Praise of Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā; extolling Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā.
The Thanā’ that is (optionally) recited in the first rak‘a of Salāh (Prayer) before Sūrah al-Fātiha is as follows:
wa bi Hamdika
wa Tabārakasmuka
wa Ta‘ālā Jadduka
wa Jalla Thanāuka
wa lā ilāha ghayruka
Glory be to You, O Allāh,
and Praise be to You.
Blessed is Your Name,
Exalted is Your Majesty,
Majestic is Your Praise,
and none is to be worshipped except You

Thaniyāt al-Wadā’
a place in Madīna where the Beloved Holy Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu alayhi wa Sallam was welcomed with a qasīda (eulogy) when he arrived there

The “second of the two”, a title of Sayyidinā Abū Bakr as-Siddīq Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu, as he was the second of the two with Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu alayhi wa Sallam in the cave of Thawr as they migrated to Madīna

reward by Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā for good deeds

dress, gown-like garment. One of the requirements of Salāh (Prayer) is that the clothes we wear have to be pure. We are urged to acquire the clothing of piety (pl: thiyāb: clothing)

The cave of Thawr in which Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu alayhi wa Sallam and Sayyidinā Abū Bakr as-Siddīq Rady Allāhu Anhu hid while migrating to Madīna to escape the polytheists of Makka who were out to kill them. Also referred to as Jabal Thawr

confidence, trust, reliance;
someone who is trustworthy in the transmission of Hadīth (Sayings of Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu alayhi wa Sallam)


tibb an-Nabawī
“Prophetic medicine”. The remedies that Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu alayhi wa Sallam prescribed for various diseases and ailments

tibb ar-Rūhānī
spiritual medicine for diseases of the heart, such as lust, anger, hatred and miserliness, and directions for keeping it healthy and warding off sickness. Your shaykh is your spiritual physician, and the medicine he will prescribe for you is to do the dhikr (remembrance) of Allāh

baby, child. Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam said that those who do not love children are not of us

the one from Tihāmā, a title of Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam

commerce, trade (permitted by sacred Muslim law)

Qur’anic recitation

student (pl: talāmīdh, f: tilmīdha, f. pl: tilmīdhāt)



glad tidings, blessedness

flood. Example: the flood in the time of Nabī Nūh ‘Alayhissalām from which Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā saved him and his followers


stubborn disobedience, contumacy


tūl al-amal
long hopes. Some people have long hopes about their life on earth and live as if they are never going to die. They are thus in great danger of neglecting to do good deeds which they will carry to their Ākhira (Afterlife)

tūl al-‘umr
long life. Muslims hope to live long and healthy lives to be spent in the loving service of Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā with the love of the Holy Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam in their hearts. Muslims know in all humility that their good deeds are but insignificant and that they will enter Paradise only through the Grace of Allāh, the Glorified and the Exalted

tulū‘ ash-shams

soil, earth, dust. We have been created from dust and to dust we return. Hence the saying: we are all so much clay

Tūr Saynā’
Mount Sinai in Egypt where Nabī Mūsā ‘Alayhissalām (Prophet Moses, peace be upon him) was given the Divine Commandments (syn: Tūr Sīnīn)

the valley in which Allāh Subhanahū wa Ta‘ālā spoke to Nabī Mūsā ‘Alayhissalām. It has been referred to in the Holy Qur’ān as al-Wādi’l Muqaddis (sacred valley)


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